Wisdom teeth extraction

The Wisdom of Wisdom Teeth Extraction

Wisdom teeth, otherwise known as third molars, are the final set of teeth to make their appearance in our mouths. They’re nestled right at the back and usually sprout between the ages of 17 and 26. If you’re among the lucky few who don’t develop wisdom teeth, rest assured, there’s no cause for concern!

For those with wisdom teeth, a common issue is the lack of adequate space in the mouth to accommodate these late bloomers. This can lead to discomfort in the jaw and neck. If there isn’t sufficient room, wisdom teeth may start growing at an odd angle or encroach upon the second molars. This can trigger overcrowding or inflict damage on otherwise healthy teeth.

The angle at which wisdom teeth grow can complicate their removal. Therefore, dentists often recommend extracting wisdom teeth at an early stage to prevent such issues. Wisdom teeth extraction, though it may sound daunting, is a common procedure aimed at preserving the overall health of your mouth.

prepare for a wisdom teeth extraction procedure

As you prepare for a wisdom teeth extraction procedure, engaging in an open discussion with your dentist about any apprehensions you may have is a critical first step. Your dentist can provide guidance on what to expect in the days leading up to surgery and how best to plan for the recovery period. They’ll also detail the type of anesthesia to be administered during the procedure.

Make sure to share your full medical history with your dentist, including any medications you’re currently taking. Also, if you’re interested in receiving intravenous pharmaceutical therapy, this is the time to mention it.

It’s advisable to abstain from smoking for at least 12 hours before the surgery. Better yet, consider quitting altogether for the sake of your overall health.

Disclose any existing medical conditions to your dentist, such as diabetes, congenital heart disease, liver or kidney conditions, or thyroid disease. Before proceeding with the extraction, your dentist may want to ensure that any underlying health issues are well-managed or resolved.

If you have a compromised immune system or a specific illness, you may need to take medications for several days leading up to the procedure. If you experience nausea or vomiting the night before your surgery, inform your dentist immediately as your appointment may need to be rescheduled, or an alternate form of anesthesia may be necessary.

Remember, if you’re to be given a general anesthetic, you must arrange for someone to drive you home post-procedure.

Finally, plan ahead for your post-surgery diet. Stock up on soft or liquid-based foods like smoothies, applesauce, oats, yogurt, and other items that can be easily consumed without the need for heavy chewing.

Preparing for wisdom teeth extraction can seem daunting, but with open communication and careful planning, you can make the process as smooth and comfortable as possible.

methods of extraction

Wisdom tooth extraction is not a one-size-fits-all procedure. The method of extraction depends significantly on the type of wisdom tooth present in your mouth. This post will delve into the four main types of wisdom tooth extractions: nonimpacted wisdom teeth removal, soft tissue impaction removal, partial bony impaction removal, and complete bony impaction removal.

  1. Nonimpacted Wisdom Teeth Removal:

Nonimpacted wisdom teeth are those that have fully erupted and are well-aligned with the rest of your teeth. In this case, extraction involves a simple procedure, quite similar to a typical tooth extraction. Since these teeth are fully visible and accessible, the dentist can easily loosen the tooth with an instrument called an elevator before removing it with dental forceps.

  1. Soft Tissue Impaction Removal:

In a soft tissue impaction, the wisdom tooth has started to break through the gum but is not fully visible. Extraction of this type of tooth involves an incision in the gum tissue to expose the tooth. Once exposed, the tooth can be manipulated and removed similar to a nonimpacted tooth. After removal, the dentist will stitch the gum tissue back together. This type of extraction can be slightly more complex than a nonimpacted tooth removal.

  1. Partial Bony Impaction Removal:

If a wisdom tooth is partially encased within the jawbone— a condition referred to as a partial bony impaction— the extraction procedure becomes more complex. The dentist will need to cut into the gum and bone tissue covering the tooth. Once the tooth is accessible, it may need to be cut into smaller pieces to be removed safely. This procedure typically requires stitches to help the gum tissue heal.

  1. Complete Bony Impaction Removal:

The most complicated form of wisdom tooth extraction involves a tooth that is entirely encased within the jawbone, known as a complete bony impaction. Similar to a partial bony impaction, the dentist will need to remove bone and gum tissue. However, the tooth will likely need to be segmented into smaller pieces for safe removal. This type of extraction may require a more prolonged recovery time due to the involvement of the bone tissue.

Each type of wisdom tooth extraction has its unique set of considerations and recovery expectations. Before proceeding with any extraction, it’s crucial to have a comprehensive understanding of the type of impaction and the process involved. It’s always advisable to consult with your dentist or oral surgeon to clarify any doubts or concerns about the procedure.